Colliding Plasma Toroid Fusion Update

Synopsis:  These plasma toroids (rings) are stable without magnetic containment.  Recent advances allow scale up to 6 cm diameter from the original small 5mm.  This should greatly improve the low energy colliding plasma toroid fusion process.

Updating: http://peswiki.com/index.php/Directory:Electron_Power_Systems,_Inc.

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To: sterlingda
Sent: Sunday, March 03, 2013 2:45 PM
Subject: Correction to Directory page for Electron Power Systems, Inc.

Hi Sterling,

I have made a recent breakthrough in my lab that should enable a Colliding Plasma Toroid Fusion lab demonstration is less than two years.  Attached is a brief three page article showing an update to our new technology.

Thank you.

Clint Seward
Electron Power Systems, Inc.
978 263 3871
cseward@ieee.org

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Synopsis:  These plasma toroids (rings) are stable without magnetic containment.  Recent advances allow scale up to 6 cm diameter from the original small 5mm.  This should greatly improve the low energy colliding plasma toroid fusion process.

 

COLLIDING PLASMA TOROID FUSION UPDATE: 2013

 

Clint Seward   cseward@verizon.net

Electron Power Systems, Inc.; Acton, MA 01720-3122

 

A low energy fusion process in the 1980’s collided two plasma toroids to produce neutrons. Recent experimental results will potentially improve that process to produce a small, clean, fusion process producing useful amounts of energy.

 

The original TRISOPS experiments in the 1980’s produced low levels of neutrons by colliding two plasma toroids, or spheromaks, in a process that produced fusion of the ions using ions energies of 2keV to 3keV (1).  But the TRISOPS process was limited by the need for an external magnetic containment and by the low ion energies used.

 

Those limitations can potentially be overcome using recent improvements to the Electron Spiral Toroid Spheromak (ESTS).  The ESTS is stable in partial atmosphere with no magnetic containment needed (2).  What is new is the scale up of the ESTS to a 6 cm diameter as shown in fig. 1, from the original observations of 5mm diameter.  This makes it possible to move and position the ESTSs, and to accelerate them to optimal fusion energies to improve the TRISOPS results.

 

A 6 cm spheromak, or plasma toroid, forming around an electric arc

A 6 cm spheromak, or plasma toroid, forming around an electric arc

Fig. 1:  A 6 cm spheromak, or plasma toroid, forming around an electric arc

ESTSs were first observed in 1992 when formed in partial atmosphere using an electric arc designed to be similar to a lightning stroke (3).  These original ESTSs were small, about 5mm diameter, but of interest because they persisted for hundreds of milliseconds with no external magnetic fields for containment.  An early ESTS observation is shown in fig. 2.

 

Observations with a high speed camera revealed that the ESTSs were actually spinning plasma toroids or spheromaks.  The physics and computer model for these observations was developed as properties became clear from various experiments.  Consulting scientists derived the physics of the ESTS (2) and described for the first time a plasma toroid that remains stable in atmosphere with no external magnetic fields needed for containment, a plasma configuration not reported elsewhere.

 

Fig. 2:  TV image of a 5mm ESTS taken at 1/20,000 shutter speed

 

The ESTSs were accelerated to 6000 m/s and a simple magnetic coil accelerator was designed that could raise the ESTSs to a high energy and velocity, allowing energy to be added to approach optimal fusion energies.  Fig. 3 shows a recent ESTS formed with an electric arc and then passing through the arc.

 

 

 

Fig. 3: ESTS formed by the electric arc at top of the image, and passing through the arc.

 

The TRISOPS project proved that two colliding spheromaks would produce neutrons from fusion with ion energies of 2keV to 3keV.  Calculations show that the ESTS has the potential to improve the TRISOPS output by many orders of magnitude:

 

First, no external magnetic field containment is needed, allowing for a small unit that will fit within an 18” bell jar.  This overcomes one TRISOPS limitation of a pulsed magnetic field containment that dissipates in microseconds, and instead allows the colliding ESTS process to continue for many hundreds of milliseconds.

 

Second, the recent scale up of the ESTS from 5mm to 6cm allows suitable control of the ESTS for positioning and acceleration.

 

Third, ESTSs have been accelerated using magnetic coils, potentially allowing them to reach near optimal fusion energy before collision, a distinct improvement to the TRISOPS process.

 

Fourth, calculations show that in the future the colliding ESTS process can be adapted to use boron and protons, a fusion process that is clean and aneutronic, but this remains to be demonstrated.

 

The present colliding spheromak project will adapt the ESTS to the TRISOPS process in order to produce an energy demonstration.  The computer model of the process has been completed.  Most importantly, each step of the process has been done in some manner by others or at Electron Power Systems, and now needs to be combined into the apparatus.  Modest funding is being sought to support the project such that it can complete in 2014.

 

References:

 

1. Wells, D.R., P.E. Ziajka, and J.L. Tunstall. “Hydrodynamic Confinement of                            Thermonuclear Plasmas.” Fusion Technology. V 9, 1986.

2.  Chen, C., Pakter, R., Seward, C. “Equilibrium and Stability Properties of                              Self-Organized Electron Spiral Toroids.” Physics of Plasmas.  Vol. 8, No.                                 10, pp. 4441-4449. 2001

3. Seward, C.  “Ball Lightning Explanation, Leading to Clean Energy.”  Acton,                           MA 01720.  Seward Publishing Co., 2011 (available at Amazon.com).